Latin name: Shepherdia canadensis (L.) Nutt. Syn.: Lepargyrea canadensis (L.) Greene
Botanical family: Elaeagnaceae
Growth habit: Shrub
Vernacular name(s): soapberry, buffalo-berry (Eng.)
shepherdie du Canada, graines de boeuf (Fr.)
kinipikomina, kinèpikominanahtik, kinipikomina (htik emskuwmnahtik Cree)
dinjik jàk (Dene)
Decoction applied externally to treat aching limbs, arthritis, and sore head and face [Cree: 95].
Whole plant :Tea used as a tonic [Dene 100].
Leaves and stem :Decoction drunk as a purgative and emetic [Cree 13, 96]. , to relieve constipation, tuberculosis [Metis 13]. , and used as a wash for cuts, swellings, and skin sores due to impetigo [Metis 13]. Shoots Tea from new shoots drunk to prevent miscarriages and used as a wash for arthritis [Cree 95; Metis 13]. Taken to treat venereal diseases and blood coughing [Metis 13].
Stem :Decoction used for venereal disease [Cree 95].
Roots :Used in heart medicine [Dene 13; Chipewyan 92]. Boiled and put on sore or swollen knee [Dene 17]. Infusion used for blood coughing [Cree 95]. Boiled with juniper berries and used as a laxative [Dene 99]. Boiled and used as a rinse for sore lips and mouth [Dene 98].
Bark :Softened in hot water with the bark of pin cherry to make a plaster or bandage for broken bones [Algonquin 69].
Inner bark :Infusion used as a laxative [Cree 95].
Berries :Eaten raw or boiled for heartburns and diabetes. Mixed with water and drunk as a medicinal tea [Dene 17]. Eaten raw or drunk as a tea for cold or sore throat [Dene 99].
Stem and roots :Tea used in stomach ache and diarrhoea [Dene 99]. Decoction used in fever [Dene 98].