Latin name: Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carrière
Botanical family: Pinaceae
Growth habit: Tree
Vernacular name(s): eastern hemlock (Eng.)
prûche (Fr.)
ksiusk (Malecite)
gaga'gimic (Ojibwa)
al'nézité (Abenaki)
Tea used for cold, boiled and applied externally for eczema and other skin infections. Used in the sudatory for women experiencing complications in childbirth [Algonquin: 69].
Bark :Tea used in cold, cough and grippe [Mi'kmaq 43, 60]. Used to heal cuts and wounds [Ojibwa 87, 91]. Tea used to relieve cold [Mi'kmaq 62]. Mixed with buds or young cones of Abies balsamea, and bark of Quercus rubra and used for diarrhoea [Malecite 65].
Leaves :Used for rheumatism, itching or scabies [Abenaki 67].
Roots :Steeped with Conioselium chinense, Chimaphila umbellate, and Rumex crispus and given in bladder problems [Mi'kmaq 62].
Twigs :Steeped to make a drink as a remedy for dysentery [Ojibwa 85]. Tea, thick syrup or paste used as a poultice for arthritis. Crushed to make a poultice for the infected navel of an infant [Algonquin 69].
Inner bark :Powdered and applied to wounds to stop bleeding [Ojibwa 47]. Tea used for pain and cold [Mi'kmaq 91].
Wood :Dried and used in prickly heat or chafed skin [Malecite 65].